Vedic Astrology: Degrees of the Zodiac, Tropical and Sidereal Zodiac, Seven Cardinal Virtues

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Introduction to Vedic Astrology By G. Kuma

The real path of the earth around the Sun is called the Ecliptic.

9 degrees to either side of the Ecliptic is a belt of the Heavens known as the Zodiac. (Dante called it the Oblique Line that beareth all planets).

First 30 degrees of the Zodiac constitute the sign of Aries. The next 30 degrees Taurus and so on. The Zodiac counted from the first degree of Aries to the 360th degree of Pisces is called the Tropical Zodiac.

Sign 
Degrees

Aries

00 - 30

Taurus

30 - 60

Gemini

60 - 90

Cancer

90 - 120

Leo

120 - 150

Virgo

150 - 180

Libra

180 - 210

Scorpio

210 - 240

Sagittarius

240 - 270

Capricorn

270 - 300

Aquarius

300 - 330

Pisces

330 - 360

These 12 signs are the limbs of the Cosmic Man or Time Eternal (Kalapurusha- The Almighty Self as Time)

Aries is His head, Taurus His face, Gemini His neck, Cancer His heart, Leo the place beneath, Virgo His belly, Libra His generative organs, Scorpio the place beneath, Sagittarius His upper thigh, Capricorn his lower thigh, Aquarius His leg and Pisces His feet !

The Zodiac is tenanted by 27 constellations each of them spread over an arc of 13 degrees 20 minutes. The Zodiac counted from the first degree of Beta Arietis (Aswini) to the 360th degree of Zeta Piscium (Revathi) is known as the Sidereal Zodiac.

Western Astrology is based on the Tropical Zodiac and the Vedic on the Sidereal.

The Limbs of the Sidereal Zodiac

 

Name of Constellation

Deg Min

Deg Min

Beta Arietis (Aswini)

00 00

13 20

41 Arietis (Bharani)

13 20

26 40

Eta Tauri (Karthika)

26 40

40 00

Alpha Tauri (Rohini)

40 00

53 20

Lamda Orionis (Mrigasira)

53 20

66 40

Alpha Orionis (Aridra)

66 40

80 00

Beta Geminorum (Punarvasu)

80 00

93 20

Delta Cancri (Pushya)

93 20

106 40

Alpha Cancri (Aslesha)

106 40

120 00

Alpha Leonis (Magha)

120 00

133 20

Delta Leonis (Pubba)

133 20

146 40

Beta Leonis (Uttara)

146 40

160 00

Delta Corvi (Hasta)

160 00

173 20

Alpha Virginis (Chitra)

173 20

186 40

Alpha Bootis (Chothi)

186 40

200 00

Beta Librae (Vishakha)

200 00

213 20

Delta Scorpi (Anuradha)

213 20

226 40

Alpha Scorpi (Jyeshta)

226 40

240 00

Lamda Scorpi ( Moola)

240 00

253 20

Delta Sagittari (Poorvashad)

253 20

266 40

Delta Sagittari (Uthrashad)

266 40

280 00

Alpha Aquilae (Sravana)

280 00

293 20

Alpha Delphini (Dhanishta)

293 20

306 40

Lamda Aquari (Satabhisha)

306 40

320 00

Alpha Pegasi (Poorvabhadra)

320 00

333 20

Alpha Andromeda (Uttrarabhadra)

333 20

346 40

Zeta Piscium (Revathi)

346 40

360 00

 

The Portfolios of Planets

The Sun represents the Soul of the Cosmic Man

The Moon

Mind

Mars

Physical Strength

Mercury

Speech

Jupiter

Happiness Learning & Wisdom

Venus

The Libido

Saturn

Sorrow

English Literature & Astrology

Homer referred to the mighty Orion. Cicero assigned divinity to the stars. The great philosopher Origen believed that the stars and the constellations were signs through which the Omnipotent Divine exerted His malevolent or benevolent Will. Dante was an astrologer like Newton, Bacon, Nostradamus, Companus, Paracelsus and others. To Dante, Astrology was the noblest of all sciences. Dante drew a parallel between the seven liberal arts and the seven planets in his Convivio. He gave grammar to the Moon & Dialectic to Mercury. Shakespeare referred to the "operations of the orbs by whom we doth exist and cease to be ". Christopher Marlowe referred to the place where "Mars did mate the Carthiginians"!

Count Louis Hamon (Cheiro) declared that the message boldly blazoned across the heavens (the positions of the planets) represented the Universal Will & that the precession of the Equinoxes (25,920 years - 360 degrees) was so beautifully calculated by the Great Geometrician of the Universe & that all biological processes obey the divine order of the celestial bodies and this is expressed in the prayer we were taught long ago "Thy Will be done, as in Heaven, so on earth!"

Astrology as related to Yoga:

Life is represented by Sun
Mind is represented by Moon
Matter is represented by Mars
Supermind is represented by Venus
Being is represented by Jupiter
Knowledge is represented by Saturn
and Bliss is represented by Mercury

Correspondences - In Dante's Cosmology

The Seven cardinal virtues were represented by the seven planets in Dante's Divina Commedia.

Jupiter

Justitia

Justice

Saturn

Temperantia

Temperance

Mars

Fortitudo

Fortitude

Sun

Prudentia

Prudence

Venus

Gnosis

Knowledge

Mercury

Sophia

Wisdom

Moon

 

Understanding